HISTORY >> Skylines History 1920-2007 | The World's Tallest Buildings 1920-2009 | One Century of Skyscrapers | Top skylines since 1999
The World's Best Skylines
-- Skyscraper Cities Ranking List --
by Egbert Gramsbergen and Paul Kazmierczak
=> part of this list also appears in the Almanac of Architecture and Design 2013 <=
About this list
Most of this list was compiled by Paul Kazmierczak. Consulted websites: emporis.con, skyscraperpage.com, skyscrapercity.com, www.skyscrapercenter.com, gaoloumi.com. The 2013 rankings [#] are added in the 1st column for comparison. See Emporis.com's skyline ranking for a similar list made with slightly different rules. Of course, we believe our list is better. See the rules.
Update
Sep 2014: Almost 300 cities uodated, with 5% more buildings and 7% more points. The average building is 124m. Again, China is the building champion of the world with cities like Chengdu, Shenyang and Shijiazhuang climbing fast and Shenzhen overtaking Chicago. In the birth country of the skyscraper, New York is still going strong at a more moderate pace. For more news, rumours and discussion see Skyscrapercity.com.
Video
Watch 3 videos (slide shows) of the top 51 skylines, by Johan Stjern.
Country color codes
 America (North , Central , South) 
Asia (South+East ex. Russia)
Middle East, South-west-Asia
Europe (inc. Russia, Turkey)
   Africa   ,   Australia, Oceania   
World map of skylines
World skylines map
XML
main data of all cities in XML
What are the rules?
This list is an attempt to rank the impressiveness of city skylines. The score of a city is equal to the sum of all building heights (structural height, in m) after substraction of the minimum of 90m/295ft for each building. Freestanding towers (not skyscrapres) count for half their height. Only completed and topped-out buildings are included. [more details]
Why this algorithm?
It measures a mix of height and breath of a skyline which seems to be honest as they are both important for the WOW! factor. Of course, people may think differently about their favorite skylines - see this poll or Luigi Di Serio's Top 15.
Skyline Poll
next 100 cities >
Ranking
[old]
PointsCITY
update 2007-2010, 2011-2012, 2013
CountryBuildings
>90 m
highest scoring building
(height)
[1] 190386
Hong KongChina3086International Commerce Centre (484m)
[2] 238724
New York (inc Jersey City, Fort Lee, Guttenburg, W New York)USA928One World Trade Center (541m, u/c)
[3] 325778
ShanghaiChina843Shanghai World Financial Center (492m)
[4] 424913
DubaiUAE392Burj Khalifa (828m)
[5] 524686
Tokyo (inc Kawaguchi, Kawasaki, Ichikawa)Japan730Toranomon Hills (256m)
[8] 618849
ShenzhenChina409KK 100 Development (442m)
[6] 717479
ChicagoUSA364Willis Tower (442m)
[7] 817168
GuangzhouChina444Guangzhou International Finance Center (440m)
[9] 916843
BangkokThailand558Baiyoke Tower II (304m)
[10] 1012794
ChongqingChina398Chongqing World Financial Center (339m, u/c)
[11] 1112767
SingaporeSingapore442United Overseas Bank Plaza One (280m)
[12] 1212725
Manila (inc Makati, Mandaluyong, Ortigas, Quezon City, Pasig, Taguig, Muntinlupa)Philippines320Philippine Bank of Communications (259m)
[13] 1311516
SeoulSouth Korea339Three International Finance Center (284m)
[14] 1411111
Kuala Lumpur (inc Petaling Jaya, Subang Jaya)Malaysia290Petronas Tower 1 (452m)
[15] 1510476
JakartaIndonesia259Wisma 46 (262m)
[16] 169907
Toronto (inc Mississauga)Canada322First Bank Tower (298m)
[17] 179341
Panama CityPanama223Trump Ocean Club International Hotel & Tower (284m)
[29] 188197
ChengduChina191Chengdu IFS Tower 1 (248m)
[34] 197382
ShenyangChina142Moi Center Tower A (311m, u/c)
[21] 206930
TianjinChina123Tianjin Global Financial Center (337m)
[18] 216847
BeijingChina285China World Trade Center Tower 3 (330m)
[22] 226787
NanjingChina123Zifeng Tower (450m)
[23] 236770
BusanSouth Korea113Doosan Haeundae We've the Zenith Tower A (300m)
[19] 246769
Osaka (inc Sakai, Amagasaka)Japan179Abeno Harukas (300m, u/c)
[20] 256689
MoscowRussia199Mercury City Tower (339m)
[28] 266484
Miami (inc Miami Beach, Sunny Isles Beach)USA141Four Seasons Hotel & Tower (240m)
[24] 275915
WuhanChina217Minsheng Bank Building (331m)
[25] 285879
Abu DhabiUAE78World Trade Center Abu Dhabi - The Residences (381m, u/c)
[31] 295638
DalianChina128Eton Place Dalian Tower 1 (383m, u/c)
[27] 305611
MumbaiIndia163The Imperial Tower 1 (256m)
[32] 315339
São Paulo (inc São Bernardo do Campo)Brazil364Palácio W. Zarzur (170m)
[33] 325290
IstanbulTurkey156Sapphire (261m)
[26] 335132
Sydney (inc N. Sydney)Australia147Chifley Tower (244m)
[30] 345104
Houston (inc Pasadena)USA118JPMorganChase Tower (305m)
[35] 354847
Incheon (Seoul metro)South Korea102Northeast Asia Trade Tower (305m)
[37] 364334
DohaQatar76Aspire Tower (300m)
[39] 374279
MelbourneAustralia128Eureka Tower (297m)
[36] 384233
QingdaoChina97Qingdao International Finance Center (249m)
[38] 394069
MacauChina142Grand Lisboa (258m)
[41] 404058
Taipei (inc Chungho, Panchou, Yungho)Taiwan131Taipei 101 (508m)
[40] 413858
Los Angeles (inc Burbank, El Segundo, W Hollywood)USA90US Bank Tower (310m)
[45] 423806
WuxiChina94The Wharf Times Square (339m, u/c)
[42] 433597
Atlanta (inc Vinnings, North Atlanta)USA90Bank of America Plaza (317m)
[44] 443542
San FranciscoUSA105Transamerica Pyramid (260m)
[43] 453471
Mexico CityMexico128Torre Mayor (225m)
[46] 463111
HangzhouChina86Zhejiang Fortune Financial Center Tower 1 (258m)
[47] 472916
Las VegasUSA61Fontainebleau Resort Hotel (T/O on hold) (224m)
[49] 482899
Paris (inc La Defense & périphérique suburbs)France116Tour First (231m)
[73] 492868
ShijiazhuangChina139Kai Yuan World Center (246m)
[48] 502858
Dallas (inc Las Colinas of Irving)USA69Bank of America Plaza (281m)
[52] 512716
Buenos AiresArgentina123Le Parc Figueroa Alcorta - Torre Cavia (173m)
[56] 522711
XiamenChina101C&D International Tower (220m)
[50] 532703
Philadelphia (inc Camden)USA73Comcast Center (297m)
[55] 542676
Kuwait CityKuwait47Al Hamra Tower (413m)
[51] 552619
Suzhou (Shanghai metro)China74Gate of the Orient (302m, u/c)
[53] 562590
CalgaryCanada74The Bow (236m)
[69] 572559
HanoiVietnam94Keangnam Hanoi Landmark Tower (336m)
[54] 582517
Tel Aviv (inc Ramat Gan, Givataiym, Bnei Brak, Bat Yam)Israel86City Gate Ramat Gan (244m)
[57] 592416
LondonUK58The Shard (306m)
[66] 602400
NanchangChina43Jiangxi Nanchang Greenland Central Plaza (239m)
[58] 612361
Boston (inc Cambridge)USA59Hancock Place (241m)
[59] 622315
KaohsiungTaiwan95Tunex Sky Tower (348m)
[60] 632248
BrisbaneAustralia64Infinity (249m)
[61] 642202
SeattleUSA52Columbia Center (285m)
[91] 652081
ChangshaChina36Xinhe Delta Beichen Project (260m)
[76] 662053
Ho Chi Minh CityVietnam70Bitexco Financial Tower (263m)
[62] 672041
FrankfurtGermany40Commerzbank Tower (259m)
[70] 681978
FuzhouChina44Shimao International Office Tower (273m)
[63] 691966
Sharjah (Dubai metro)UAE40Al Ayaan Sharjah Gate Tower (224m)
[67] 701937
Vancouver (inc Burnaby, N. Vancouver)Canada119Living Shangri-La (201m)
[79] 711933
GuiyangChina64Hunter Douglas International Plaza (290m)
[64] 721926
NingboChina65Global Shipping Plaza (257m)
[84] 731921
JinanChina54Greenland Puli Center (301m, u/c)
[65] 741798
Gold Coast (Surfer's Paradise)Australia71Q1 Tower (323m)
[68] 751787
Montreal (inc Longueuil)Canada64Le 1250 Boulevard René-Lévesque (226m)
[112] 761710
HefeiChina43Anhui International Trade Center Tower 1 (239m)
[71] 771672
Rio de Janeiro (inc Niterói)Brazil100Rio Sul Center (163m)
[103] 781661
TaichungTaiwan83Shr-Hwa International Tower (192m)
[72] 791655
NanningChina47Diwang International Commerce Center (276m)
[74] 801610
Honolulu, HIUSA90First Hawaiian Center (131m)
[74]  .. 1610
CaracasVenezuela74Parque Central Torre Este (225m)
[77] 821606
MinneapolisUSA36IDS Tower (241m)
[78] 831564
Yokohama (Tokyo metro)Japan56Yokohama Landmark Tower (296m)
[80] 841535
RecifeBrazil112Freguesia de Casa Forte (131m)
[81] 851502
Denver (inc Glendale)USA45Republic Plaza (218m)
[82] 861489
DaeguSouth Korea42Suseong Leader's View 1 (225m)
[83] 871488
TaiyuanChina58Hubin Plaza (208m)
881486
GoianiaBrazil56Premier Vision (148m)
[89] 891441
AnkaraTurkey71Portakal Cicegi Tower (160m)
[85] 901375
Makkah (Mecca)Saudi Arabia7Makkah Royal Clock Tower Hotel (601m)
[86] 911345
Kobe (Osaka metro)Japan43City Tower Kobe Sannomiya (190m)
[87] 921336
Detroit (inc Southfield, Windsor)USA42Detroit Marriott at the Renaissance Center (221m)
[92] 931325
HarbinChina51Agricultural Science and Technology International Center (226m, u/c)
[88] 941304
PittsburghUSA33U.S. Steel Tower (256m)
[90] 951245
Songnam (Seoul metro)South Korea49NHN Green Factory (135m)
[99] 961242
ManamaBahrain21Four Seasons Hotel (270m, u/c)
[93] 971225
CairoEgypt45Ministry of Foreign Affairs (143m)
[95] 981155
ZhengzhouChina36Zhengzhou Greenland Plaza (280m)
[96] 991107
CharlotteUSA23Bank of America Corporate Center (265m)
[113] 1001102
KyivUkraine93Kviv TV Tower (385m)
701411WORLD TOTAL20819
next 100 cities >

created: 1998-05-20
last update: 2013-09-21