HISTORY >> Skylines History 1920-2007 | The World's Tallest Buildings 1920-2009 | One Century of Skyscrapers | Top skylines since 1999
The World's Best Skylines
-- Skyscraper Cities Ranking List --
by Egbert Gramsbergen and Paul Kazmierczak
=> part of this list also appears in the Almanac of Architecture and Design 2010 <=
About this list
Most of this list was compiled by Paul Kazmierczak. Consulted websites: emporis.con, skyscraperpage.com, skyscrapercity.com, www.skyscrapercenter.com, gaoloumi.com. The 2011 rankings [#] are added in the 1st column for comparison. See Emporis.com's skyline ranking for a similar list made with slightly different rules. Of course, we believe our list is better. See the rules.
Update
Sep 2013: Updated 100 cities, 4.9% growth in buildings, 7.3% in points. The average building is 123m. Shenzhen is the biggest grower in absolute terms, Wuxi makes the biggest jump from #77 to #45. Outside China, Jakarta and Manila show the largest growth. For more news, rumours and discussion see Skyscrapercity.com.
Video
Watch 3 videos (slide shows) of the top 51 skylines, by Johan Stjern.
Country color codes
 America (North , Central , South) 
Asia (South+East ex. Russia)
Middle East, South-west-Asia
Europe (inc. Russia, Turkey)
   Africa   ,   Australia, Oceania   
World map of skylines
World skylines map
XML
main data of all cities in XML
What are the rules?
This list is an attempt to rank the impressiveness of city skylines. The score of a city is equal to the sum of all building heights (structural height, in m) after substraction of the minimum of 90m/295ft for each building. Freestanding towers (not skyscrapres) count for half their height. Only completed and topped-out buildings are included. [more details]
Why this algorithm?
It measures a mix of height and breath of a skyline which seems to be honest as they are both important for the WOW! factor. Of course, people may think differently about their favorite skylines - see this poll or Luigi Di Serio's Top 15.
Skyline Poll
next 100 cities >
Ranking
[old]
PointsCITY
update 2007-2010, 2011-2012, 2013
CountryBuildings
>90 m
highest scoring building
(height)
[1] 191872
Hong KongChina3124International Commerce Centre (484m)
[2] 238220
New York (inc Jersey City, Fort Lee, Guttenburg, W New York|)USA914One World Trade Center (541m, u/c)
[3] 324544
ShanghaiChina836Shanghai Tower (632m, u/c)
[5] 424228
DubaiUAE386Burj Khalifa (828m)
[4] 523821
Tokyo (inc Kawaguchi, Kawasaki, Ichikawa|)Japan709Loop Line 2 - Zone III (256m, u/c)
[6] 617252
ChicagoUSA360Willis Tower (442m)
[7] 716856
GuangzhouChina440Guangzhou International Finance Center (440m)
[9] 816759
ShenzhenChina380KK 100 Development (442m)
[8] 916408
BangkokThailand536Baiyoke Tower II (304m)
[11] 1012576
ChongqingChina396Chongqing World Financial Center (339m, u/c)
[10] 1112052
SingaporeSingapore429United Overseas Bank Plaza One (280m)
[14] 1211479
Manila (metro inc. Makati, Mandaluyong, Ortigas, Quezon City|)Philippines310Philippine Bank of Communications (259m)
[12] 1311020
SeoulSouth Korea327Three International Finance Center (284m)
[13] 1410744
Kuala Lumpur (inc Petaling Jaya, Subang Jaya|)Malaysia278Petronas Tower 1 (452m)
[17] 159819
JakartaIndonesia247Wisma 46 (262m)
[16] 169472
Toronto (inc Mississauga|)Canada285First Bank Tower (298m)
[15] 179088
Panama CityPanama216Trump Ocean Club International Hotel & Tower (284m)
[18] 186749
BeijingChina275China World Trade Center Tower 3 (330m)
[20] 196600
Osaka (inc. Sakai, Amagasaka|)Japan174Abeno Harukas (300m, u/c)
[21] 206489
MoscowRussia195Mercury City Tower (339m)
[26] 216327
TianjinChina118Tianjin Global Financial Center (337m)
[19] 226164
NanjingChina120Zifeng Tower (450m)
[22] 235844
BusanSouth Korea100Doosan Haeundae We've the Zenith Tower A (300m)
[33] 245632
WuhanChina216Minsheng Bank Building (331m)
[27] 255162
Abu DhabiUAE73World Trade Center Abu Dhabi - The Residences (381m, u/c)
[25] 265132
Sydney (inc. N. Sydney|)Australia146Chifley Tower (244m)
[28] 275081
MumbaiIndia159The Imperial Tower 1 (256m)
[23] 285042
Miami (inc Miami Beach|)USA113Four Seasons Hotel & Tower (240m)
[37] 295034
ChengduChina155Chengdu IFS Tower 1 (248m, u/c)
[24] 304997
Houston (inc Pasadena|)USA118JPMorganChase Tower (305m)
[29] 314996
DalianChina123Eton Place Dalian Tower 2 (279m)
[30] 324975
São PauloBrazil309Palácio W. Zarzur (170m)
[32] 334756
IstanbulTurkey146Sapphire (261m)
[61] 344346
ShenyangChina102Moi Center Tower A (311m, u/c)
[31] 354279
Incheon (Seoul metro)South Korea87Northeast Asia Trade Tower (305m)
[40] 364233
QingdaoChina97Qingdao International Finance Center (249m)
[35] 374206
DohaQatar73Aspire Tower (300m)
[34] 384002
MacauChina141Grand Lisboa (258m)
[38] 393954
MelbourneAustralia120Eureka Tower (297m)
[36] 403834
Los Angeles (inc Burbank, El Segundo, W Hollywood|)USA89US Bank Tower (310m)
[42] 413669
Taipei (inc Chungho, Panchou, Yungho|)Taiwan124Taipei 101 (508m)
[39] 423597
Atlanta (inc Vinnings, North Atlanta|)USA90Bank of America Plaza (317m)
[43] 433578
Mexico CityMexico126Torre Mayor (225m)
[41] 443440
San FranciscoUSA103Transamerica Pyramid (260m)
[77] 453161
WuxiChina88The Wharf Times Square (339m, u/c)
[54] 463041
HangzhouChina85Zhejiang Fortune Financial Center Tower 1 (258m)
[44] 472916
Las VegasUSA61Fontainebleau Resort Hotel (T/O on hold) (224m)
[45] 482858
Dallas (inc Las Colinas of Irving|)USA69Bank of America Plaza (281m)
[47] 492714
Paris (inc La Defense & périphérique suburbs|)France114Tour First (231m)
[46] 502662
Philadelphia (inc Camden|)USA72Comcast Center (297m)
[69] 512655
Suzhou (Shanghai metro|)China75Gate of the Orient (302m, u/c)
[48] 522640
Buenos AiresArgentina119Le Parc Figueroa Alcorta - Torre Cavia (173m)
[49] 532557
CalgaryCanada72The Bow (236m)
[59] 542516
Tel Aviv (inc Ramat Gan, Givataiym, Bnei Brak|)Israel84City Gate Ramat Gan (244m)
[55] 552488
Kuwait CityKuwait45Al Hamra Tower (413m)
[56] 562438
XiamenChina97C&D International Tower (220m)
[53] 572416
LondonUK58The Shard (306m)
[50] 582361
Boston (inc Cambridge|)USA59Hancock Place (241m)
[52] 592298
KaohsiungTaiwan94Tunex Sky Tower (348m)
[58] 602223
BrisbaneAustralia63Infinity (249m, u/c)
[51] 612202
SeattleUSA52Columbia Center (285m)
[57] 622068
FrankfurtGermany41Commerzbank Tower (259m)
[60] 631966
Sharjah (Dubai metro|)UAE40Al Ayaan Sharjah Gate Tower (224m)
[98] 641926
NingboChina65Global Shipping Plaza (257m)
[65] 651798
Gold Coast (Surfer's Paradise)Australia71Q1 Tower (323m)
[86] 661763
NanchangChina39International Finance Center (239m)
[62] 671747
Vancouver (inc Burnaby, N. Vancouver|)Canada111Living Shangri-La (201m)
[64] 681735
Montreal (inc Longueuil|)Canada61Le 1250 Boulevard René-Lévesque (226m)
[105] 691711
HanoiVietnam45Keangnam Hanoi Landmark Tower (336m)
[75] 701678
FuzhouChina42Shimao International Office Tower (273m)
[63] 711672
Rio de Janeiro (inc Niterói|)Brazil100Rio Sul Center (163m)
[106] 721621
NanningChina46Diwang International Commerce Center (276m)
[82] 731611
ShijiazhuangChina55Kai Yuan World Center (246m)
[68] 741610
Honolulu, HIUSA90First Hawaiian Center (131m)
[66]  .. 1610
CaracasVenezuela74Parque Central Torre Este (225m)
[88] 761590
Ho Chi Minh CityVietnam51Bitexco Financial Tower (263m)
[67] 771582
MinneapolisUSA35IDS Tower (241m)
[74] 781564
Yokohama (Tokyo metro|)Japan56Yokohama Landmark Tower (296m)
[72] 791549
GuiyangChina60Kempinski Hotel (228m)
[79] 801536
RecifeBrazil113Freguesia de Casa Forte (131m)
[70] 811502
Denver (inc. Glendale|)USA45Republic Plaza (218m)
[71] 821489
DaeguSouth Korea42Suseong Leader's View 1 (225m)
[97] 831488
TaiyuanChina58Golden Port Hotel (179m)
[83] 841392
JinanChina47Pearl Int'l Business Mansion (188m)
[73] 851375
Makkah (Mecca|)Saudi Arabia7Makkah Royal Clock Tower Hotel (601m)
[80] 861345
Kobe (Osaka metro|)Japan43City Tower Kobe Sannomiya (190m)
[76] 871336
Detroit (inc Southfield, Windsor|)USA42Detroit Marriott at the Renaissance Center (221m)
[78] 881304
PittsburghUSA33U.S. Steel Tower (256m)
[91] 891251
AnkaraTurkey64Portakal Cicegi Tower (160m)
[80] 901245
Songnam (Seoul metro)South Korea49NHN Green Factory (135m)
[92] 911238
ChangshaChina27Bofu International Plaza Office Tower (228m, u/c)
[94] 921189
HarbinChina50Harbin Exhibition Center Hotel (170m)
[84] 931155
CairoEgypt44Ministry of Foreign Affairs (143m)
[87] 941150
Sunny Isles Beach (Miami metro|)USA23Jade Beach (175m)
[110] 951114
ZhengzhouChina34Zhengzhou Greenland Plaza (280m)
[85] 961107
CharlotteUSA23Bank of America Corporate Center (265m)
[89] 971079
XianChina51Shaanxi Information Mansion (228m)
[95] 981033
NagoyaJapan25Midland Square (247m)
[98] 991006
ManamaBahrain15Dual Tower 1 (260m)
[90] 100984UlsanSouth Korea24Taehwa-River Iaan Exodium Tower 1 (201m)
655713WORLD TOTAL19774
next 100 cities >

created: 1998-05-20
last update: 2013-09-21